The vineyards of Provence cover nearly 28,500 hectares of vines composed of 9 AOCs spread over the departments of Var (83), Bouches-du-Rhône (13), Alpes-de-Haute-Provence (04) and Alpes-Maritimes (06).
The average AOC production is about 1,400,000 hectoliters equivalent to 185 million bottles per year, 88% in rosé, 8% in red and 4% in white.
With a wine-growing past of more than 2600 years dating back to the Roman era, a sunshine of more than 300 days per year, a well-drained limestone and crystalline soil, Provence has risen to the rank of first world producer of AOC rosé wine, with 35% of the national production and 5,6% of the world production.
Provence has eleven different appellations on its territory: Côtes de Provence, Coteaux Varois en Provence, Coteaux d'Aix en Provence, Bandol, Cassis, Palette, Bellet, Pierrevert, Coteaux des Baux de Provence. This wine region of nearly 27,000 hectares of PDO vines is dominated by the three most extensive appellations located in the Var and Bouches du Rhône: Côtes de Provence, Coteaux d'Aix en Provence and Coteaux Varois en Provence. Spread over various soils, whose quality is recognized for the production of Provence wines, there are more than 500 private cellars and nearly 75 cooperative cellars. The communes of Grimaud, Flassans-sur-Issole or Brignoles are among the most important cooperative cellars. Together they produce the equivalent of 180 million bottles per year distributed over 88% of rosé wine, 8% of red wine and 4% of white wine.
This region, with one of the most beautiful coastlines in Europe and an inland valley rich in diversity, is home to the most beautiful vineyards in Provence. From Marseille to Nice, from Pagnol's Provence to the Côte d'Azur, from its coastline to the heart of the Var, via the Gulf of Saint-Tropez and the terroir denominations of La Londe, Fréjus, Sainte Victoire, Pierrefeu and Notre Dame des Anges, Provence is the tourist destination par excellence. In fact, it is experiencing a growing development of activities related to wine tourism. Many wineries and castles offer, in addition to wine production, bed and breakfast, lodging, themed stays (seminars, tasting sessions, wine courses, etc.), wine tourism activities (cellar visits, wine trail, etc.), and events (weddings, receptions, etc.). This allows the investor to diversify his resources, to make a bastide, a mansion or a castle profitable around a prestigious wine-producing environment, while developing his reputation. As the world leader in the production of AOC rosé wine, Provence has also set itself the goal of eventually reducing the ecological footprint of its vineyards, with the objective of certifying 100 % organic or HVE 3 vineyards by 2030 and the generalization of virtuous practices in the vineyard as well as in the cellar.
The Côtes de Provence appellation represents nearly 75% of the Provencal vineyard, BLUE SIDE presents many wine estates for sale in the Var, which concentrates the largest number of private wine properties. In the Bouches du Rhône, most of the vineyards are located on the outskirts and north of the city of Aix en Provence. The vineyards are also larger than the average in this area, which is steeped in medieval history. The Alpes Maritimes, with its emblematic coastline of the Côte d'Azur, is home to the Bellet appellation, which is the only entirely urban AOC vineyard in France and covers some 60 hectares of vines.
With more than 300 days of sunshine per year and the dominant influence of the Mistral wind, the vines in Provence enjoy an ideal climate that favors their development in optimal sanitary conditions. More than twelve grape varieties are used in blending in the elaboration of the wines of Provence. The aromatic typicity of the wines of Provence is closely linked to both its terroir and the method of vinification traditionally used. The vine was first planted in France more than 2600 years ago by the Phocaeans when they founded the city of Marseille. Then 400 years later, the Romans settled in Provence and developed the vineyard considerably. Rome then extended its empire over the rest of Gaul and gave birth to the other great wine producing areas of France today, namely the Rhone Valley, Beaujolais, Burgundy, Gascony and Bordeaux. From the Middle Ages onwards, the clergy within the abbeys of Saint-Victor in Marseille, Saint-Honorat on the Lérins Islands, Saint-Pons in Nice and Thoronet, the nobility and the notables took over the vineyards of Provence, reshaped them and gave them their current structure.
For BLUE SIDE, the sale of vineyards and wine estates in Provence requires above all a relationship of trust to be established with the buyer, both to understand the nature of the wine estate or the wine-producing business he wishes to buy and the wine-producing project he wishes to invest in. The configurations of wine estates being very contrasted, the future winegrower will first have to orient himself on a place, an environment, in connection with an AOC or an IGP, then to refine an acquisition price and a global budget. Indeed, beyond the purchase price, the budget allocated to the embellishment of the place, to the equipment of the wine cellar and to the development of the PDO and PGI vineyards is determining in the added value that will be brought to the estate.